Abstract: The article provides a phitocenotic characteristic of the two rare species of Poaceae family in the flora of Narymskiy ridge: Hordeum bogdanii Wilensky и Elytrigia elongatiformis (Drob.) Nevski. Are given geobotanical description and condition of species in this moment. The study established that Hordeum bogdanii forms a micro-population in the south-western foothills of Narymskiy ridge and forms phytocenosis (Hordeum bogdanii Wilensky, Agrostis stolonifera L., Festuca pratensis Huds.). The species occupies a restricted site area of 1600 m². During initial field surveys, the species was recognized as unpromising introduction to testing as a forage plant in the region. Elytrigia elongatiformis (Drob.) Nevski was forming phytocenosis (Urtica cannabina L., Elytrigia elogatiformis (Drob.) Nevski). The species occupies only 1.5 hectares. Recommended for involvement in culture as a hay-pasture.
Abstract: In this paper the research results of a stockpile of medicinal plants goldenrod on the ridge of Ivanovo and Southernаltai Tarbagatai. Along with the resource indicators is presented in the article phytocenological characterization, comparative floristic, and morphometric analysis of populations of Solidago virgaurea L. with the indication of the area and coordinates. Determined yields, operating reserves of the air-dry raw materials with the definition of possible annual blanks.
Abstract: This article presents the results of the research resources of volodushki mnogogolosnoy on the ridges Sarymsakty southern Altai and Tarbagatai. Provides information on reserves and ecological and biological characteristics of Bupleurum multinerve DC. Based on the analysis of the obtained results found that the surveyed territories the population of volodushki mnogogolosnoy form of industrial stocks of raw materials and can be used for industrial logging pharmaceutical companies.
Abstract: In this study, Veronica beccabunga subsp. muscosa is one of the subspecies of Veronica beccabunga, which is understood from more detailed studies that some population (F 1001) samples collected and included to – subsp. muscosa in 2000 year; then as a result of more detailed studies came out that it should not be include in -subsp. muscosa, it should be classified as a separate and new species called Veronica edremitense A.Öztürk & Ö.Kılıç. As a matter of fact, when the population sample (F 1001) was examined more detailed, and when compared with Veronica beccabunga subspecies, there are significant morphological and caryological differences. Because of the reasons described in this article we would like to call our population sample as a newspecies called “V. edremitense A.Öztürk & Ö.Kılıç” which was collected from Edremit county of Van.
Abstract: In this study, distribution of Veronica taxa throughout the world that distrubuted from Turkey were explained. This subject has been considered in this article firstly as original and scientific. More than 80 species of Veronica genus are found in Turkey which is small region comparing to world land and the endemism rate of Veronica taxa is very high in Turkey. This suggest that Veronica taxa on the world may originate from Turkey. The richness and distibution of Veronica taxa may be affected by different factors; geomorphologic structure, climate changes in the region, specific sediments belong to geologic period, positioned in the moderate zone as a geographic situation and even paleomorphologic, paleogeographic and paleoclimatologic changes. Also, historical, ethnographical and some other natural factors have affected this distribution. In the earth, although Turkey is a small region but contains high number of Veronica taxa. Turkey is situated in the geometrical center of the disribution of Veronica in the earth. It can be concluded that Turkey is the original centre of Veronica genus and gene center according to scientific and theoritic data.
Abstract: The human body needs a regular supply of energy from the external environment. The energy sources are food substances that enter the body with food. In addition, the food contains vitamins, minerals, water, organic acids, tannins and other components. Not being sources of energy, they are necessary for metabolic processes in the body.
This paper provides a statistical analysis and overview of the complex characteristics of the species composition of non-traditional food plants of natural ecosystems of East Kazakhstan. In result of studies it turned out that 189 types of unconventional food plants are members of the 119 genera and 42 families. On average, one rod has a 1.5 (1-2) species in the same family as of 4.4 (4-5).
Abstract: The plant genetic resources are the biological basis of food security and livelihoods of a country. The Republic of Kazakhstan has signed and ratified the Convention on biodiversity conservation. It involves a number of international obligations, including the responsibility for the conservation and development of genetic resources on a national scale. The need to protect and rationally use of the gene pool of plants is determined by the fact that many wild relatives of cultivated plants are under the immediate threat of genetic erosion.
The paper provides a list of alternative vitamin-sugar of plants of the natural ecosystems of Eastern Kazakhstan with indication of the used parts of plants, ecological-coenotic and geographic characteristics. Also developed a classification of food plant species and indicated 5 groups of alternative food plants. According to research from 110 species 32 species, i.e. about 30 % are obligate vitamin – sugar.